Death Investigations: - Investigations conducted by judicial authorities on cases of people killed in the context of armed conflict, violence, or disasters (including the preservation of the chain of custody); authorities and agencies in charge, their mandates, roles, and responsibilities. - Certification of death. - Recognition and the rights of the missing and their families, appeals process for rejection of the results of the identification process. Forensic Processes: - Search and recovery of human remains, including survey, excavation, exhumation, transportation, and storage. - Medico-legal autopsies on bodies, body parts, and skeletonized human remains, institutions in charge, their roles and responsibilities; indication for medico-legal autopsies. - Genetic analysis (biological reference sample collection from families, from human remains, information crossing, and institutions in charge). - Fingerprint analysis (collection, analysis, and storage). - Forensic data management (collection, analyses, storage, life cycle of and access to data), data protection. - Confirmation of identification - Claimed and unclaimed bodies, release of bodies to families. Disposition of Bodies: - Responsibilities at different administrative levels (municipalities, regions, national) - Death registration. - Families’ rights regarding disposition and ceremonies. - Mandatory storage time/procedures in case of unidentified/unclaimed bodies. - Repatriation of human remains, international legal frameworks. - Provision, protection, and maintenance of gravesites. Emergency Management and Mass Fatality Response: - Lead agency, mandate, regulating law - Contributing agencies - Specific laws, policies - Activation – deactivation mechanism, mobilization of resources The scope of the study encompasses existing laws, sub-laws, decrees, and/or other normative acts adopted by the legislative and executive bodies, relevant policy documents and/or decisions, their application and implementation in practice, and their compatibility with IHL. The Consultant is expected to carry out an analysis of legal and policy frameworks pertaining to: 1. Existing frameworks, e.g. agencies, mandates, laws for the abovementioned processes 2. Identifying gaps, key challenges, and good practices in the implementation of such frameworks; 3. Drawing recommendations aimed at working towards either the revision of existing or the adoption of new frameworks, as well as of other measures to address existing gaps. 4. Drawing practical conclusions and recommendations on the applicability of the existing legal frameworks to the search and identification of missing persons, including on the possible role that families of missing persons may play during the process.
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